( Telecharger le fichier original )
par Silas HABARUREMA
nationwide University of Rwanda – A0 2011
2.1.6. Advantages of commercial bank tasks for the economy
The loan and deposit services provided by commercial banking institutions benefit an economy in several ways. First, checking reports, it is much easier to buy goods and services and therefore help both consumers and businesses, who would find it inconvenient to carry or send through the mail huge amounts of cash because they act like cash, make. 2nd, loans allow customers to enhance their total well being by borrowing cash to get automobiles, homes, along with other costly customer goods they otherwise could maybe maybe not pay for. Third, loans assist companies finance plant expansion and manufacturing of brand new items, and so increase employment and growth that is economic. Finally, since commercial banking institutions want loans repaid, they choose borrowers very carefully and monitor performance of an organization’s managers extremely closely. It will help make sure just the most useful jobs have financed and therefore businesses are run effortlessly. This produces a healthier, efficient economy. In addition, considering that the owners (stockholders) of a business getting that loan want their business to be lucrative and handled effectively, bankers behave as surrogate monitors for stockholders whom can’t be current for a basis that is regular view the business’s supervisors.
The bank account solutions made available from commercial banking institutions offer another advantage towards the economy. The checking accounts offered by commercial banks are functionally equivalent to real money, that is, currency and coin because checks are widely accepted as payment for goods and services. If they issue checking reports they, in effect, create money minus the government needing to print more money. Under federal federal government laws in a lot of countries, commercial as well as other banking institutions must hold a book of paper coin and currency corresponding to at the very least ten percent of these bank account deposits.
Because commercial banking institutions attract huge amounts of cost cost savings from depositors, they are able to make loans that are numerous many various customers in a variety of quantities as well as various maturities (dates when loans are due). Banks can thereby diversify their loans, and this in change ensures that a bank are at less danger if an individual of their clients doesn’t repay that loan. The decreasing of danger makes bank deposits safer for depositors. Security encourages more bank deposits and therefore more loans. This movement of income from savers through banking institutions towards the borrower that is ultimate called financial intermediation because cash moves with an intermediary this is certainly, the lender (James, M. J., 2009:6).
2.1.7. Commercial banking institutions in Developing Nations
The kind of nationwide system that is economic characterizes developing nations plays a vital role in determining the type for the commercial bank system in those nations. In capitalist nations a system of personal enterprise in banking prevails. In state-managed economies, banking institutions have now been nationalized. Other countries have actually patterned themselves following the social-democracies of European countries; in Egypt, Peru, and Kenya, as an example, government-owned and privately owned banks that are commercial. In several nations, the banking system developed under colonialism, with banking institutions owned by organizations into the moms and dad country. This heritage continued, although modified, after decolonization in some, such as Zambia and Cameroon payday loans in Minnesota. The rise of nationalism led to mandates for majority ownership by the indigenous population in other nations, such as Nigeria and Saudi Arabia.
Commercial Banking institutions in developing countries resemble their counterparts in developed nations. They accept and transfer deposits and are also active loan providers, specifically for short-term purposes. Other monetary intermediaries, especially government-owned development banking institutions, organize long-term loans. Commercial banking institutions can be used to fund federal government expenditures. The banking system might also play a major part in financing exports (James, M. J., 2009:12).